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Ratio between domestic production and consumption

Updated 12.8.2022

In normal conditions, Finnish agriculture is able to respond to the needs of consumers fairly well. However, there are product-specific differences.

The self-sufficiency in beef has long been close to 80 per cent while the self-sufficiency in pork is about 95 - 100 per cent. The production and consumption of dairy products are practically identical, i.e. self-sufficiency is almost 100 per cent. In 2018, self-sufficiency was only 68 per cent in bread cereals and 46 per cent in rye. Due to the adverse weather conditions autumn 2017 and in growing period 2018, the harvest of bread cereals was low then. Crop yields returned to normal levels after two weak years in 2019. The area of rye was at a historically high level and area of wheat increased too. Self-sufficiency of bread cereals increased to 155 per cent and rye close to 200 per cent. In 2020, self-sufficiency was 103 per cent in bread cereals and 100 per cent in 2021. Self-sufficiency of rye was 72 and 73 per cent.

However, it should be noted that Finnish agriculture is dependent on various production inputs, such as fertilizers, fuel, feed proteins and machinery.

Self-sufficiency in certain foods

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Description of the indicator

The indicator represents self-sufficiency, i.e. the ratio between domestic production and consumption. Production self-sufficiency indicates how large a proportion of consumption production can cover. If production and consumption are at an identical level, self-sufficiency is 100 per cent. Self-sufficiency rather describes competitiveness in domestic and international markets than the level of food supply.

The rates of self-sufficiency are calculated by Kantar TNS Agri Oy.

This is one of the national impact indicators of the 2014–2020 Rural Development Programme for Mainland Finland.

The indicator will next be updated in summer 2023.