Bioeconomy in numbers
In Finland, bioeconomy refers to an economy that relies on renewable, biological natural resources in a resource-wise manner to produce food, energy, products and services. The most important renewable, biological resources in Finland are the biomass, i.e. the organic matter, in the forests, soil, fields, water systems and the sea, and fresh water. These are used as raw materials and derivates. Ecosystem services are part of the bioeconomy. The bioeconomy can also include the development and production of technologies, applications and services based on the sustainable exploitation of natural resources. The Finnish Bioeconomy Strategy, 2022
The most up-to-date statistics describing the development of the bioeconomy have been compiled on this website. The calculations are a joint effort between Luke and Statistics Finland. The Finnish bioeconomy is monitored using five indicators: output, value added, investments, employment and exports. The main source is the annual national accounts, produced by Statistics Finland.
It should be noted that the indirect effects of bioeconomy reach several sectors of industry outside the conventional bioeconomy accounts. Therefore, the future challenge is to make even these linkages visible using bioeconomy statistics and indicators.