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Energy consumption by agriculture and proportion of renewable energy

13.11.2017
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Updated 3.1.2023

Agricultural and horticultural production accounted for approximately 3% of all energy consumed in Finland in 2020. It was the same in 2013 and in 2016. Energy consumtion in agricultural and horticultural production reduced in 2020 compared to the year 2016. Of production sectors, most energy is consumed by dairy cereal cultivation, cattle farms and horticulture. Greenhouse enterprises form the single largest group of energy consumption.

In 2020 about 43% of the energy consumed in agriculture and horticulture was wood and field energy (44% in 2016), 27% (31%) was light and heavy fuel oil, 17% (15%) was electricity, 3% (5%) was peat and purchased heat energy was about 9% (5%). About 1 per cent of electricity was self-produced. About 45% of the energy used in agriculture was renewable, when the total amount of electricity consumed was calculated for renewable energy sources. In 2013 and 2016, the share of renewables was also 60% and 58% in 2010.

The most important forms of renewable energy used in Finland include bioenergy, wood and wood-based fuels in particular, hydropower, wind power, geothermal heat and solar power. More renewable energy could be used and sold in agriculture. When more energy is produced in Finland, the Finnish current account balance and energy self-sufficiency will improve.

The Rural Development Programme for Mainland Finland supports the energy efficiency, investments, counselling and training of farms.

Data of the energy consumption of agriculture and horticulture 2020.

Energy consumption of agriculture and horticulture

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Description of the indicator

The indicator aims to evaluate the use of energy in agriculture and the proportion of renewable energy from all energy. The indicator does not include energy consumption by private households, forestry and other enterprises. Renewable forms of energy mean that, when used sustainably, the energy reserves do not decrease in the long term.

The indicator data is obtained from Luke's Farm Structure Survey.

This is one of the national impact indicators of the 2014–2020 Rural Development Programme for Mainland Finland.

The next Farm Structure Survey will be in 2023.