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Cereal harvest estimated at 3.6 million tons – the return to average harvest levels after two weaker years is a relief


According to current estimates, Finland’s cereal harvest will be nearly 3.6 million tons. The barley, oat and wheat harvests will be significantly larger than in the previous year, while the rye harvest will be smaller than average. There will be a record pea harvest.

Photo: Merja Lindroos / Luke.

Cereal harvesting is currently in the final stretch. The current estimates will be confirmed later this year after final harvest data are obtained from farms.

“The Natural Resources Institute Finland’s (Luke) crop production survey will start in October. Finland’s official crop production statistics will be compiled based on the survey, sealing harvest data for 2022 in the over 100-year statistical history,” says Anneli Partala, senior statistician, from Luke’s statistical services.

Barley harvest to return to normal – estimated at 1.4 million tons

Barley is the most cultivated cereal in Finland. Last year’s barley harvest was the smallest in nearly 50 years, resulting in a shortage of barley on farms and in industries. This autumn’s barley harvesting has practically been completed, and the harvest volume will be large enough to cover regular domestic consumption. The barley harvest will be approximately a third larger than in 2021.

The oat harvest of 1.2 million tons will be the largest in 15 years

The harvest of oats, the second most cultivated cereal in Finland, will be roughly 50 per cent larger than in the previous year. The oat harvest of some 1.2 million tons will refill the practically empty cereal stocks and cover the growing need for domestic oats. Oat exports are also looking promising this year – annual oat export volumes have been 300,000–400,000 tons.

The largest wheat harvest in three years and the rye harvest cannot cover domestic consumption

The wheat harvest will be slightly larger than average at roughly 870,000 tons, showing an increase of almost a third from the previous year.              

The rye harvest estimate is at the previous year’s level at less than 70,000 tons. The rye harvest is expected to be a fifth smaller than average, and it cannot cover annual domestic consumption. It is probable that rye will need to be imported before next year’s harvest.

The pea harvest to double – marking the biggest harvest in Finland in 100 years

This year’s estimated harvest of peas for human consumption and feed peas will be approximately 90,000 tons. This marks the largest volume during the over 100-year statistical history and is double the 2021 level.

The field pea area of roughly 34,000 hectares, including peas for human consumption and feed peas, has grown during the last couple of years, and is now equal to the rapeseed area and the combined potato and sugar beet area. In addition to field peas, garden peas are grown in Finland over an area of some 5,000 hectares. The majority of the harvest is used to make frozen peas.

How are the statistics compiled?

Luke’s harvest estimates for the crop production statistics are based on estimates supplied by specialists at local ProAgria Rural Advisory Centres and reflect the situation on 19 September. The estimates for each municipality are based on visual observations and local expertise. Cultivation areas are obtained from the data systems of the Finnish Food Authority’s administrative body of rural industries. The crop production statistics will be expanded and further specified on 24 November, when Luke will publish regional crop production data based on data obtained directly from farms.

Statistical publication

See statistics data related to the blog in the statistical publication.