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Proportion of high nature value farmland

Updated 4.1.2023

The proportion of high nature value (HNV) farmland represents the volume of those areas that are able to maintain more diverse plant and animal species.

The volume and proportion of HNV farmland in the whole of Finland and in Mainland Finland has decreased slightly between 2006 and 2022. This decreasing trend can mainly be explained by the decrease in the number of domestic animal farms, natural pastures and permanent pastures. It is probable that the disappearance of HNV farmland will also reduce the biodiversity of farmland with a delay.

The future development of HNV farmland depends, above all, on the extent to which Finland is able to secure small-scale agricultural activities based on grazing animals at a reasonably high number of farms. Voluntary environmental agreements also play a significant part.

Proportion of HNV farmland in the whole of Finland and in Mainland Finland

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Description of the indicator

The indicator of HNV farmland represents the abundance of habitats that support diversity in farmland. A national estimate of HNV farmland has been made since 2006.

The Finnish Environmental Institute has prepared a calculation model suitable for Finland. The information required for the calculation is obtained from the registers of the Finnish Food Authority.

Individual farms are valued using five variables (properties) that can be calculated on the basis of data material contained in supporting registers. These variables are the proportion of natural pasture and basic meadow blocks from available farmland, the proportion of areas within the scope of environmental agreements, the field edge density, the proportion of extensive growing area and whether the farm is a cattle-sheep-horse farm or a goat farm. More information about the structure of the HNV indicator is available from the report on the regional development trends in the volume of HNV farmland in 2006–2013 and the closing report on updating the monitoring indicator for the programme period of 2014–2020.

This indicator is one of the CAP monitoring indicators.

The indicator will next be updated in spring 2024.