According to preliminary data of the Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke), a total of 56.4 million cubic metres of roundwood was harvested in 2020 from Finnish forests for the forest industries. Industrial roundwood removals last remained below 60 million cubic metres in 2015. In addition to industries, roundwood was also felled for energy production and to a smaller extent for domestic use. Roundwood removals totalled 65.2 million cubic metres.
“Industrial roundwood removals decreased by roughly seven million cubic metres, or 11 per cent, from the previous year, being three per cent below the average of the previous ten-year period”, says Tiina Sauvula-Seppälä, senior statistician at Luke.
The most of industrial roundwood removals came from non-industrial private forests, totalling 45.6 million cubic. In addition to industries, a small volume of timber was also felled for domestic use by forest owners.
In non-industrial private forests, removals decreased by 14 per cent. Removals from forests owned by forest industry companies and the state increased by two per cent to 10.8 million cubic metres.
Log removals were 24.3 and pulpwood removals 32.1 million cubic metres, with pulpwood removals being about 15 per cent lower than in the previous year. Log removals decreased by six per cent.
Total removals decreased by one tenth
In addition to industries, a total of 8.5 million cubic metres were felled for energy production. Three quarters of this volume were used as fuelwood in small-scale housing and the remaining one quarter as forest chips at heat and power plants.
“Total removals decreased by 11 per cent from the previous year to 65.2 million cubic metres, down by as much as 17 per cent from the 2018 peak year”, says Jukka Torvelainen, senior statistician at Luke.
Nine tenths of the felling potential in use
On the basis of inventory results, Luke’s forest inventory and planning group prepares an estimate of the wood production potential and potential uses of forests. According to the most recent estimate, the maximum sustainable yield of commercial timber and energy wood harvested from our forests totals 80.5 million cubic metres of roundwood per year during the period from 2016 to 2025.
“Based on the preliminary data, a total of 81 per cent of this maximum yield were used in the whole of Finland in 2020 and an average of 89 per cent were used between 2016 and 2020. Last year’s regional felling volumes are not yet known, but it is probable that felling volumes relative to the felling potential show high variation from one region to the next”, Torvelainen says.
The total volume of tree stocks increased by nearly 30 million cubic metres
According to estimates, a total of 14 million cubic metres of roundwood remained in forests in 2020 in the form of logging residues and naturally died stemwood. When the felling volume of roundwood is added to this figure, total drain can be calculated. The total drain of 79 million cubic metres decreased by nine million cubic metres from the year before.
“The volume of roundwood living in Finland’s forests is nearly 2,500 million cubic metres, and the annual increment of growing stocks reaches 108 million cubic metres. Last year, the total drain was approximately three quarters of total growth, which means that the total volume of roundwood increased by 29 million cubic metres,” Torvelainen says.
The harvesting and drain figures shown here are preliminary. The final statistics and regional statistics for 2020 will be published in June.