1) Tausta ja tavoitteet
Meat and dairy production systems are facing sustainability challenges in Finland and worldwide. There is an urgent need to identify information and sustainability gaps.
The goal of this project is to analyze the sustainability of meat and dairy chains in Finland. The more specific aims are to analyze and compare the sustainability of meat and dairy chains in Finland with the most important competitors, to identify what are the bottlenecks of sustainability in dairy and meat chains in Finland, and to identify what are the most significant data gaps in measuring the overall sustainability.
The project consists of four tasks.
Task 1. The most important aspects that are relevant for the sustainability of pigmeat, beef and dairy production will be shortlisted. Protocols and approaches to assess economic, social and environmental overall sustainability will be collated and indicators used in the protocols will be summarized. Luke already has a lot of expertise on assessing the three pillars of sustainability. Hence, this expertise can be utilized as a background.
Task 2. The second task is to review which data Luke’s previous research or industry-level data collection or monitoring schemes (e.g. Sikava/Laatuvastuu) can already provide. Data generated in Luke’s previous experimental or field studies will be summarized and examined. The aim is to review relevant datasets ( metadata) and review and draw together their results (”meta-analysis”). Data on relevant indicators will be analyzed and summarized to generate an overview of different pillars of sustainability. Information gaps will be pointed out. In particular, aspects related to cost-efficiency and costs structure of livestock farms and food processing industry, environmental sustainability and animal welfare will be elaborated. From the environmental point of view, aspects such as ecological sustainability and measures to mitigate environmental footprint of dairy and meat production will be elaborated. A detailed analysis may be conducted for specific indicators in cases where Luke has high-quality data available and there is an on-going, nearly finished analysis.
Task 3. Comparative information on sustainability from selected main competitors of Finnish meat and dairy sector will be collected. Potentially interesting countries include Sweden, Denmark, Germany and Poland from where substantial amount of food is being imported into Finland. The data will be collected based on scientific publications, reports and statistics as well as by utilizing the capacity of research team’s and Luke’s contacts to industry and science in the selected countries.
Task 4. Analysis of strengths and weaknesses of sustainability of Finnish meat and dairy production. Based on data collected by tasks 2 and 3, an overall picture of sustainability of Finnish meat and dairy production will be prepared. In addition, an internal workshop will be conducted to identify bottlenecks and potential for improving sustainability of the Finnish meat and dairy sector. The aim of this task is to identify (and where possible, quantify) 1) in which aspects of sustainability Finnish meat and dairy production is fairly sustainable and in which it is not sustainable when compared to our competitors or international standards, 2) in which aspects sustainability cannot be assessed based on current scientific evidence, 3) what are the bottlenecks of improving sustainability and 4) in which aspects of sustainability there is most potential for improvement. The potential for improvement can arise from more detailed analysis of specific issues where Luke has high-quality data available.
This is a project funded byLuke´s strategic research funding (3rd wave).
The project is expected to yield at least three scientific publications addressing the sustainability of different sectors (pigmeat, beef, dairy).
Moreover, other relevant papers which support the theme and which are work started in other project could be completed with the help of the project will be identified.
The project is expected to identify potential research topics for Luke.
4) Vaikuttavuus ja käytäntöön vienti
-New knowledge on the overall sustainability of pigmeat, beef and dairy sectors in Finland.
-Comparative information on the position of Finnish production vs. other countries
-Information on where there is the largest potential to improve sustainability
-Publications which can be utilised as a reference in the forthcoming H2020 calls (draft workplan for 2018-2020 includes several topics for which this project us relevant)
-The results will provide information on the sustainability of meat and dairy production in Finland. As different dimensions of sustainability are discussed simultaneously, this will help societal interaction and discussion.
-The results are expected to identify some of the bottlenecks and critical points in improving the sustainability of the Finnish meat and dairy sectors. This will help to focus future efforts to improve sustainability and help to improve the competitiveness of the sector.
-Meat and dairy sector companies
-Livestock farmers and farming organizations
-NGOs focussing on environmental sustainability, animal welfare or economics in the meat and dairy sectors.