1) Tausta ja tavoitteetBackground
The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry of the Republic of Finland (MAF) and the Ministry of Agriculture of the People’s Republic of China (MOA), have decided to establish the Action Plan between MAF and MOA on Cooperation in Agriculture (2015-2016), including the following three (3) sections:
•Section I: Establishment of China-Finland Platform for Agriculture Development and Innovation in China (CF-PADI)
•Section II: Enhancing exchange and cooperation in agricultural research between Finland and China
•Section III: China-Finland Working Group on Agriculture
In the framework of the CF-PADI, MAF and MOA, with the support of the China – Finland Working Group on Agriculture, have identified the following topics to be further developed in the cooperation:
1. Oat Production, 2. Farm machinery, 3. Biomass energy , 4. Dairy production
From the Finnish research and technology sector, the Natural Resources Institute Finland (LUKE) has been active as the research provider of MAF. In addition, several Finnish companies have participated in the preparatory phase: Valtra (Agco) for tractors, Sampo Rosenlew for combine harvesters, Pellon Group for milk production and pork production, also including manure and bioenergy technologies: Bio GTS for dry fermentation and bioenergy from manure and biological waste and side-products. The main aim of this study is to find out best ways of implementation of four demonstration projects identified in the Action Plan between MAF and MOA on Agricultural Cooperation (2015-2016). These projects are oat production, farm machinery, biomass energy and dairy production. A report of the Hainan working group meeting is attached to this plan.
The main aim of the cooperation is to support the development of sustainable, productive and environmentally friendly agriculture in China. The main objective to reach this aim is to test, adapt and demonstrate Finnish agricultural knowledge and technologies in the specific conditions of China. The testing and demonstration phase should lead into practical market-based cooperation between Finnish and Chinese industries.
It is agreed between the two ministries that the Platform in the CF-PADI (China – Finland Platform for Agricultural Development and Innovation) can be virtual in nature, and that activities can be realized in different locations.
2) ToteutusPreliminary plan for the feasibility study
After several consultations and internal planning of the MOA and CAAE, the first potential location for CF-PADI was proposed by MOA to be established in Chabei district (270 km NW from Beijing) and/or to the Laoting district (250 km E from Beijing).
Laoting District has been visited by a Finnish delegation 9/2014: The district is rich with straw resources. Also, pork and milk production are common, and thus, the need for manure nutrient circulation is important.
Chabei District was first visited by Finnish experts 9/2014, and also in 2015: The district is a rapidly developing milk production district. In addition, there is newly established large scale potato production and processing industry (French fries). There is a need to find suitable rotation crop for potato, and to find feed crop for the rapidly developing milk production. Considering the ratio field /ruminants manure management and utilization of manure energy and nutrients there is also an emerging manure management challenge in the region.
By the third China-Finland Working Group on Agriculture meeting in Hainan (3 December 2015), the oat production project in Chabei has started with a variety testing (partners: Luke and Boreal Plant Breeding Oy and CAAS and Snow valley company). The variety testing and test farming is underway, as well as the negotiations about commercial rules recognizing the plant breeders rights has been initiated. Two topics were thoroughly discussed in the Hainan meeting:
1: introducing oat into the Chinese feed and food market calls for integrated consideration of the whole industrial chain starting from varieties, cultivation, harvesting, storage, processing and productisation of oats. This is only possible, if a strong driver company and a commercial/industrial partnership can be formed. Also, strong scientific expertise, regulatory framework and advisory system are needed.
2: the development in the Chabei district shows symptoms of unsustainability. If the plans we have got are to be realised, the production will be based on import feed and potential pollution of the soil by excessive amount of animal manure. Therefore, the so called circulation agriculture system is not realized in Chabei. In its part efficient oat farming can alleviate the problem, but not solve it. Therefore, there should be made a feasibility study to outline the steps necessary to support sustainability and avoid problems related with environment and soil productivity.
In addition to the Chabei (and Laoting) districts, also other sites have been raised as potential demonstration sites, such as the AEPI research station at in Dali (Yunnan province) for dairy production..
Time schedule and reporting
The study is ready to start immediately after mutual agreement of MAF and MOA. Preliminary information has been gathered from the Chabei district in particular. The kick-off can be after the ministerial visit by the end of March 2016.
4/2016: Kick of meeting and study tour to potential demonstration sites
4 – 12/2016 Group work and workshops with Chinese experts and potential industrial partners: analysis and recommendations
12/2016 Feasibility report and recommendations for next steps.
The final report will be delivered to MOA and MAF by 15 December 2016 unless otherwise agreed by MOA and MAF.
4) Vaikuttavuus ja käytäntöön vienti