Main objectives of AFUICEP are:
A) promote cooperation between Luke’s climate change researchers
B) define a uniform method to analyze the cost-efficiency of greenhouse gas emission reductions in agriculture and forestry (AF) sectors
C) collect and build up a systematized list of emission reduction methods and costs in AF sectors
D) define main research needs on emission reduction methods and costs in AF sectors
E) Prepare project and funding prospects for years 2018-2021 to
E1) identify cost-effective methods to attain prevailing policy targets on AF sectors
E2) support preparation of climate and energy policies towards cost-effectiveness both in domestic and EU level.
International climate and energy policies are based on compromises that are reached in international negotiations. For example, the climate policies set emission reduction targets to different sectors. Countries have different strengths and weaknesses to carry out the targets. Thus, the policy with several targets is likely to be non-optimal in domestic (sector) level to meet international (over sector) targets. Non-optimality is aggravated e.g. by restrictions in approval of the emission reductions between sectors and limitations to approve emission reductions. Especially on climate change regulation there is a large number of restrictions on the land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) sector where AF also belongs. However these policies are binding and contain penalties for countries for not reaching their targets.
AFUICEP project considers how to meet current climate and energy policy targets cost-effectively in AF sectors in Finland. In the project we apply models to analyze emission reduction costs and benefits uniformly both in the long and short run. Also the restrictions (e.g. caps on forest management emissions benefits) in climate and energy policies will be taken into account.
We will promote cooperation between Luke’s climate change researchers in forest and agriculture sectors. Collaboration is utilized to identify main shortcomings of the information on the emission reduction cost and benefits on AF sector. In addition, one potential emission reduction method will be analyzed more accurately. The collaboration contributes to the collection and build-up of systematized list of emission reduction methods and costs in AF sectors.
We will promote continuation of research in this topic by preparing project plan and funding prospects for years 2018-2021. Main topics of the plan will be elaborated during the project. Straight continuum to this project could include:
F1) identify the most cost-effective methods to attain prevailing policy targets on AF sectors
F2) support preparation of climate and energy policies to be more cost-effective both in domestic and EU level.