This year’s grain harvest of 3.4 million tons remained the second smallest in the 2000s. The grain harvest was reduced by exceptionally large areas of failed crops and smaller areas under cultivation. Only the rye area and crops were higher than usual this autumn.
What also made this year exceptional was the high variation in crops in different parts of Finland, as well as locally. The highest harvest losses were suffered in areas swept by autumn rains in Eastern and Northern Finland. In the rest of the country, crop volumes per harvested area (kilos per hectare) were the highest in the 2000s in many places.
– By examining cereal crop volumes alone, this year’s grain harvest covers domestic demand, says senior statistician Anneli Partala from the Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke).
However, the quality of cereals determine the final uses of the crops.
Self-sufficiency in rye returning
The rye crop of 114 000 tons is the highest since 1990. It is sufficient to cover consumption of approximately 100 000 tons for one year ahead. In the 2000s, the rye crop has only covered annual domestic demand three times.
Broad bean punished by the weather
This year, the broad bean acreage was as high as the potato acreage. The harvested area fell down to the previous year’s level due to the poor harvesting weather, even though the cultivated area was larger than in the year before by one third. The total yield was low at 2,100 kilos per hectare. Therefore, the total crop volume was 18 per cent lower than in the year before.
More organic oats
Oats is by far the most cultivated organic cereal in Finland. The organic oats crop of approximately 54 000 tons is more than 10% higher than in the year before. In addition, there was an increase in organic barley and wheat production. However, the organic rye crop decreased by a little more than one fifth. This year, the proportion of organic rye remained at 5%, while 9% of all rye produced last year was organic.
Background to the statistics
Harvest information was collected from approximately 6,200 farms, of which 600 were organic farms, via telephone interviews and an online service. The preliminary information covers about 5,000 farms. The information will be reported as final in March 2018, when the confirmed data supplied by farms included in the sample will become available for the calculation of harvest volumes.
More information about the quality of the grain crops will be issued on 27 November 2017 when harvest information collected by Luke, combined with Evira’s grain quality monitoring information, will be available.