Last year, people in Finland consumed an average of 148 kilograms of liquid milk products, 80 kilograms of meat, 81 kilograms of cereal, 12 kilograms of eggs, 15 kilograms of fish, 66 kilograms of fruit and 66 kilograms of vegetables. This is indicated by the advance information on the Balance Sheet for Food Commodities published by the Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke).
Last year, the total consumption of meat was almost 80 kg per capita, when game and offal are also taken into account. Total consumption decreased from the previous year by approximately 1.8 per cent, i.e. 1.5 kilograms per capita.
“The consumption of poultry increased by almost four per cent from 2018. Its consumption is now 26.6 kilograms per capita. In turn, the consumption of pork decreased by approximately five per cent, but its consumption still remains higher than that of poultry at 30.8 kg. An average of 18.8 kg of beef was consumed per capita last year, about half a kilogram less than in the previous year,” says senior specialist Erja Mikkola from Luke.
The oat boom is going strong
The total consumption of cereal increased by more than two kilograms per capita from 2018 to approximately 81 kilograms. The growth was mainly attributable to the increased consumption of oats. The consumption of oats increased from the previous year by almost two kilograms, or almost 30 per cent, to 9.5 kilograms per capita. The oat boom seems to have gathered pace again after plateauing for a time. The consumption of rice increased by half a kilogram from the previous year, while the consumption of wheat decreased slightly. The consumption of other cereals remained nearly unchanged.
Milk consumption continued to decrease
The consumption of milk decreased again by approximately five per cent from the previous year. The same thing happened in 2018. The consumption of skimmed milk decreased by almost eight per cent, that of low-fat milk decreased by approximately four per cent, and that of whole milk decreased by one per cent. All in all, approximately 102 litres of milk was consumed per capita last year. The shares of different types of milk of the total consumption remained unchanged, with low-fat milk at 57 per cent, skimmed milk at approximately 30 per cent and whole milk at just over ten per cent.
On average, the consumption of dairy products either declined slightly or remained unchanged. The consumption of sour milk, yoghurt, curdled milk (viili) and cream decreased by a few per cent. The consumption of other milk-based products, such as flavoured quarks, grew. In 2019, the total consumption of liquid milk products was 148 kg per capita, or some four per cent less than in the previous year.
“The consumption of cheese decreased slightly to approximately 25 kilograms. Butter was also consumed slightly less than in the previous year, 3.3 kilograms,” Mikkola continues.
Fish, eggs, fruit and vegetables
Total fish consumption remained at 14,9 kg per capita. The consumption of canned fish increased slightly. According to the Balance Sheet for Food Commodities, no major changes have taken place in total fish consumption for many years. The consumption of eggs has also not fluctuated much in the last few years, and it was again some 12 kilograms in 2019.
The consumption of fresh fruit was approximately 59 kilograms per capita. The consumption of citrus fruits increased by half a kilogram from the previous year to 14.3 kilograms. The consumption of other types of fresh fruit declined slightly and was slightly less than 45 kilograms per capita last year. Just under seven kilograms of fruit preserves and dried fruit were consumed per capita. The consumption of vegetables increased from the previous year. Approximately 66 kilograms of fresh vegetables were consumed per capita, but the figure also includes any waste.