Last year, people in Finland consumed an average of 155 kilograms of liquid milk products, 81 kilograms of meat, 12 kilograms of eggs, 79 kilograms of grains, 65 kilograms of fruit and 64 kilograms of vegetables. This is indicated by the advance information on the Balance Sheet for Food Commodities published by the Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke).
The total consumption of grains was 79 kilograms per capita. The reduction compared to the previous year was around one kilogram. The consumption of oats was the same as in 2017 at 7.3 kilograms per capita. The consumption of rice also remained unchanged and was six kilograms. The consumption of wheat was roughly the same as in the previous year, while the consumption of rye declined slightly. The consumption of wheat was 44.6 kilograms, and the consumption of rye was 15.3 kilograms.
Consumption of poultry continued to grow
The total consumption of meat remained roughly at the level of the two previous years, 81 kg per capita, when game and edible offal are also taken into account.
The growth in the consumption of poultry has continued for more than ten years, but last year, this growth was more moderate than in previous years. Its consumption was 25.6 kilograms per capita, growing by nearly three per cent from 2017, whereas the consumption of pork declined by the same amount. The consumption of pork has been declining for three years now. In 2018, an average of 19.3 kg of beef and 32.5 kg of pork was consumed per capita.
Milk consumption continued to decrease
Last year the consumption of milk decreased by almost five per cent from the previous year. The consumption of skimmed milk decreased by nearly nine per cent, and that of low-fat milk decreased by approximately three per cent. The consumption of whole milk was almost at the level of the previous year. All in all, approximately 107 litres of milk was consumed per capita last year, of which nearly a third was skimmed milk, 57 per cent was low-fat milk and just over ten per cent was whole milk.
On average, the consumption of dairy products either declined slightly or remained unchanged. The consumption of yoghurt remained at the previous year’s level. The consumption of sour milk and curdled milk (viili) decreased by 4–5 per cent. The consumption of other milk-based products, such as flavoured quarks, grew. In 2018, the total consumption of liquid milk products was 155 kilograms per capita, or approximately three per cent less than in the previous year.
The consumption of cheese remained almost unchanged at 26 kilograms. The consumption of butter was also of the same order as in the previous year at 3.5 kilograms. The consumption of eggs likewise remained at nearly 12 kilograms per capita last year.
Consumption of citrus fruits grew slightly
The consumption of citrus fruits started to grow again and was about 14 kilograms per capita. The consumption of other fresh fruit declined slightly and was 45 kilograms per capita last year. Just under seven kilograms of fruit preserves and dried fruit were consumed per capita. The consumption of vegetables was roughly at the level of the previous level. The per capita consumption of fresh vegetables was approximately 64 kilograms. The amount also includes any possible waste.
Background to the statistics
The consumption figures of food commodities are based on Luke’s statistics on the Balance Sheet for Food Commodities, containing a summary of the production, domestic use and consumption of the most important categories of food in Finland. The domestic usage of more the 60 products is calculated for the Balance Sheet on the basis of production, changes in stock, export and imports. Domestic usage is further divided into different purposes: animal feed, use for seeds, industrial raw materials and human consumption. The consumption figures of food commodities are calculated by dividing the human consumption by the average population in the year.
The total consumption of meat also includes game and edible offal. The meat consumption figures reported in the balance sheet for food commodities also include bones, i.e. they are reported as carcass meat. Typically, carcass meat contains 80% of boneless meat. In addition, the cooking loss ranges from 10 to 30%, depending on the product. The weight of cooked meat is around 50% of the weight of carcass meat.
Using this method for compiling statistics, the consumption figures of certain products, such as vegetables, are only indicative. They describe the quantity available for consumption, rather than the actual consumption, because no figures are available for storage losses and other waste, which is why they are included in the consumption figures.
The release compares the consumption 2018 to 2017 but the comparison years are 2010 and 2018 in the graphs.