Last year, the average Finn consumed 178 kilos of liquid dairy products, 80 kilos of grain, 77 kilos of meat, 65 kilos of vegetables and 61 kilos of fruit. This information was gleaned from the preliminary Balance Sheet for Food Commodities of the Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke).
Total grain consumption remained unchanged at 80 kilos per person. Oat consumption rose by one kilo on the previous year, while the consumption of rye fell by nearly the same amount. Consumption of wheat and barley was the same as the year before, while rice consumption fell by 0.4 kilos.
Pork consumption fell and egg consumption rose
The average Finn consumed just under 77 kilos of meat last year, half a kilo less than in 2013. Poultry consumption rose by 600 grammes on the previous year. Beef consumption also rose slightly, whereas pork consumption fell by about three per cent.
Just under 11 kilos of eggs were eaten. There continued to be a slight increase in consumption, with growth being just under two per cent from the previous year. Butter consumption fell to approximately four kilos, its level of a few years ago.
The popularity of whole milk began to decline
In 2014, per capita consumption of milk in Finland totalled 127 litres – one percent less than in the previous year. Half of this was low-fat milk, 40 per cent skimmed milk and 10 per cent whole milk. Whole milk consumption began to decrease slightly after having increased for several years. Skimmed milk consumption also fell slightly from the previous year. Consumption of low-fat milk remained nearly unchanged compared to the previous year.
Consumption of yoghurt and viili (curdled milk) fell by approximately five per cent.
– This is partly due to the increasing popularity of other fresh milk-based products, such as flavoured quark, says actuary Tarja Kortesmaa of the Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke).
All in all, per capita consumption of liquid dairy products totalled 178 kilos, a decrease of slightly less than two per cent compared to the previous year. Around three percent less cream and buttermilk were consumed than in 2013. Cheese consumption continued to grow to some 25 kilos per person.
Fresh vegetables sold well
Consumption of fresh fruit rose by 2.5 kilos on the previous year, to around 54 kilos. Of this, citrus fruit accounted for 13 kilos and other fruit, two thirds of which were bananas and apples, for 41 kilos. A total of 7 kilos of fruit preserves and dried fruit were used. Consumption of fresh vegetables rose on the previous year by seven percent to about 65 kilos.
– The actual growth in consumption may not be as great as this, as last year’s good vegetable harvest is directly reflected in the consumption figures, Kortesmaa notes.
Luke’s Balance Sheet for Food Commodities is a summary of the production and consumption of Finland’s most important food and beverage products. The balance sheet calculates the domestic usage of more than 60 products on the basis of production, changes in stocks, exports and imports. Domestic use is subdivided into different types: animal feed, seed use, ingredients for the food industry, and direct consumption. When using this method, only approximate consumption figures can be given for certain products, such as vegetables. They represent the quantities available for consumption rather than actual consumption, as no figures are available for inventory losses and other waste. The latter are therefore included in consumption. In the Balance Sheet for Food Commodities, the meat consumption figures include bones, i.e. the figures are for carcass meat.