According to the final data in the register of agricultural and horticultural enterprises, there were 46,800 agricultural and horticultural enterprises in Finland in 2019. The number of farms decreased by approximately 800 from the previous year. The number of large farms of more than 100 hectares increased, while that of farms of less than 100 hectares either decreased or remained unchanged in all field size categories.
The farms with the largest field areas were located in Southwest Finland, where the average farm size was 60 hectares. The average field area was 59 hectares in Uusimaa and 58 hectares in Northern Ostrobothnia. The smallest farms were in Southern Savonia, where the average field area was 32 hectares. In Lapland, the average field area was 34 hectares. In the whole of Finland, the average farm size was 49 hectares in 2019.
The average field area of farms has been growing by about one hectare per year for several years. However, there is high variation between different regions.
– In Southwest Finland, for example, the average field area has grown by 14 hectares since 2010, while the corresponding figure in Central Finland and Lapland has only been four hectares over the same period, says Jaana Kyyrä, senior statistician at the Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke).
Half of all farms have a field area of less than 31 hectares
The median size of agricultural land was 31 hectares in the whole of Finland. This means that half of all farms had a field area of less than 31 hectares, while the other half had a field area of more than 31 hectares. Regional variation was also high in terms of the median size. The median was the highest in the regions of Southwest Finland and Northern Ostrobothnia ELY Centres at 39 hectares, while it was the lowest (18 hectares) in the Southern Savonia ELY Centre region.
Other crop production is the most common primary production line
Farms have broadened their range of crops. Other crop production was the primary production line on 34 per cent of all farms, while cereal production was the primary production line on 32 per cent of all farms. Greenhouse production and outdoor production of horticultural crops was the primary production line on four per cent of all farms. This means that crop production was the primary production line on nearly 33,000 farms in 2019.
Domestic animal farming was the primary production line on 26 per cent of all farms. The remaining four per cent were mixed farms with no clear primary production line. In 2019, some 12,000 farms had domestic animal farming as their primary production line.
Cattle farming was the primary production line on nearly 20 per cent of all farms. Of all cattle farms, more than half were dairy farms. Sheep, goat or horse farming was the primary production line on four per cent of all farms. Pig farming and poultry farming each were the primary production line on only one per cent of all farms.
Background to the statistics
Statistics on the structure of agricultural and horticultural enterprises contain data on the number of agricultural and horticultural enterprises, their land use and production lines, as well as farmers in Finland. The statistics provide an overview of the ownership and production structure of Finnish agriculture and horticulture, as well as the number and age distribution of farmers. Most of the data for the statistics is pooled from rural administration registers. The figures presented here are final.
For more information and tables related to the statistics, please visit stat.luke.fi.