According to the current crop outlook, the cereal harvest is expected to be average, around 3.3 million tons, which would cover domestic consumption. Overall, the cereal harvest is expected to remain 16% below last year’s level.
The estimated cereal harvest of 3.3 million tons includes the four main crops in Finland: 1.4 million tons of barley, 1.1 million tons of oats, 710,000 tons of wheat, and 70,000 tons of rye.
The yield expectations for all cereals are lower than those of last year.
– The rye harvest will be cut by half, wheat by a fifth, barley by a sixth, and the oats harvest by a few per cent from last year. In terms of volume, the barley harvest will decrease the most, by 310,000 tons, while proportionally, the rye harvest will decrease the most, by 62%, says Anneli Partala, senior statistician from the Statistical Services of the Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke).
Rye deficit to be offset by the 2019 stocks – oats will be available for export
If the estimate proves correct, the rye harvest will cover around 70% of the domestic demand. The deficit can be offset by the good harvest in 2019, still left over in national stocks.
The crop outlook for the most popular Finnish export cereal, oats, is roughly at the previous year’s level. It is therefore probable that the export of oats will also continue from the autumn harvest.
The pea harvest to be record high – the cultivation area expanded, and the crop outlook is excellent
The area sown with peas increased by 80% from last year, and the crop is expected to double compared with the previous year. The harvest would be the highest in the 100-year history of the statistics. The cultivation of feed peas, an indigenous source of protein for the Finnish feed industry, has increased.
The cultivation area of potatoes is the smallest in the history of the statistics, just over 20,000 hectares. Currently, the crop outlook is at last year’s level, just over 600 million kg.
Turnip rape and rape to reach a trough this year?
The cultivation area of turnip rape and rape has decreased in recent years. In relative terms, the yield has decreased even more, as it has been decreasing already for years. This year the decline continues, and the turnip rape and rape harvests are expected to be the poorest in more than forty years.
Background to the statistics
Luke’s July crop estimates are based on local estimates supplied by experts at ProAgria Rural Advisory Centres and reflect the situation on 13 July. The estimates for each municipality are based on visual observations and local knowledge. The cultivation areas are obtained from the data systems of the Finnish Food Authority’s administrative body of rural industries.
The next crop production statistics, reflecting the situation on 24 August, will be published on 28 August 2020. The crop production statistics will be expanded and further specified on 24 November, at which time Luke will publish regional harvest information based on information obtained directly from farms.
The crop estimate table is available on the crop production statistics homepage.