This spring, farmers have sown more oats and peas than in the previous year, as expected in the markets. The oat area will increase by ten per cent from 2019. The area sown with oats is roughly 347,000 hectares, approaching the feed barley area of 380,000 hectares.
“This year, the area sown with peas is expected to exceed 25,000 hectares, a new record in the over 100-year history of the statistics. Instead, the decline of turnip rape and rapeseed will continue, and their area will be the smallest since 1977”, says Anneli Partala, senior statistician at the Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke).
Cereals cover nearly half of Finland’s total cultivation area
The area sown with cereals – 1.1 million hectares – is nearly half of the utilised agricultural area available in Finland (2.3 million hectares). Barley remains the most common cereal, as it is an important feed crop on farms. Oats account for one-third and wheat makes up one-fifth of the total cultivation area. This year, rye only covers some two per cent of the cultivation area, and its area has halved from the previous year.
Rye area halved – an abundance of rye from last year still in stocks
Last year, the rye yield has the highest since 1990. This year’s rye area is 20,000 hectares, only half of the previous year’s area. If yields are normal, this area cannot fulfil the domestic demand for rye of roughly 100,000 tons per year. The yields to be harvested next autumn cannot be estimated at present. The volume remaining in stocks from last autumn’s high rye yield of roughly 180,000 tons is higher than usual. This compensates for next autumn’s possibly low rye yield.
The lowest turnip rape and rapeseed area in more than 40 years
The total area sown with turnip rape and rapeseed is 30,000 hectares, the smallest in 43 years. However, there are more pea fields in Finland than ever before during the over 100-year history of the statistics. The caraway area of 20,000 hectares will decrease by 15 per cent from the previous year.
Feed grass covers one-third of the total area
The feed grass area of roughly 780,000 hectares covers one-third of utilized agricultural area, being slightly lower than in the previous year. The area of regular and environmental fallows will decrease by less than one-tenth, and they account for less than one-fifth of utilized agricultural area.
Background to the statistics
The statistical data is based on plant-specific cultivation areas reported this spring by farmers in conjunction with main subsidy applications. It is estimated that 95 per cent of reports were available for this preliminary data. More detailed cultivation area data will be available for each ELY Centre on 14 July 2020. Luke will then publish its provisional statistics of regional utilised agricultural area.