According to the register of agricultural and horticultural enterprises of the Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke), there were 48,562 agricultural and horticultural enterprises in Finland in 2017. This figure increased slightly from the preliminary statistics published in February.
The number of farms decreased from the previous year by more than 1,000 farms, representing approximately two per cent of all farms. Examined by region, the number of farms decreased by two to three per cent in areas of nearly all Centres for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment (ELY Centres) during the year. Relatively, the highest number of farms (roughly three per cent) discontinued their activities in the Northern Savonia and Southwest Finland regions. The number of farms that discontinued their activities was the lowest in the area of the ELY Centre for Central Finland where the number of farms decreased by approximately one per cent from the previous year.
– The average land size of farms was 47 hectares. Farms located in the Uusimaa and Southwest Finland regions had the highest farm-specific agricultural area of 57 hectares, whereas farms located in the Southern Savonia region had the lowest size of 31 hectares. More than 40 per cent of all farms had a agricultural area of less than 25 hectares, one-fourth had an area of 25–50 hectares and more than 30 per cent of all farms had more than 50 hectares, says Jaana Kyyrä, senior statistician at Luke.
Domestic animal farms are a rarity in the south
In the whole country, the primary production line was plant production on two-thirds of all farms, while less than 30 per cent of all farms had animal production as their primary production line. The remaining farms were mixed farms. There is high regional variation regarding primary production lines. In the Kainuu region, more than half of all farms had animal production as their primary production line. At the other extreme, animal production was the primary production line on only one-tenth of all farms in the Uusimaa and Southwest Finland regions.
Background to the statistics
Statistics on the structure of agricultural and horticultural enterprises contain data on the number of agricultural and horticultural enterprises, their land use and production lines, as well as farmers in Finland. The statistics provide an overview of the ownership and production structure of Finnish agriculture and horticulture, as well as the number and age distribution of farmers. Most of the data for the statistics are pooled from rural administration registers. For more information and tables related to the statistics, please visit stat.luke.fi.