A total of 39.4 million tons of wood were used in Finland in 2019, measured by wood dry-matter tied up in forest industry products, wood fuels and waste. The year before was a peak year in the consumption of wood, from which consumption of wood dry-matter decreased by less than 1%. Of all wood dry-matter consumed, 57% were used as energy and 41% were tied up in forest industry products.
During the past ten years, the proportion of wood dry-matter consumed as energy has increased slightly and, correspondingly, the proportion of wood dry-matter used in forest industry products has decreased. Changes in the proportions have been slow.
Of all wood dry-matter consumed in Finland in 2019 (39.4 million tons), 18% were tied up in paper and paperboard. During the 2000s, the proportion of paper has decreased clearly, while that of paperboard has increased slightly. Sawn goods accounted for 12%, wood pulp 10% and wood-based panels 2%.
“The data is based on forest accounts of the Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke). Use and mass balances represent the supply of wood and forest industry products from different sources and the flow of wood material from raw materials to products and energy generation. In use balances, the use and supply of wood are measured in solid cubic metres and tons, while in mass balances these are converted into a single unit of measurement: dry-matter tons of wood. This makes it possible to present results that cover the entire sector using a single unit of measurement. Mass balances monitor how wood dry-matter is tied up in different forest industry products, wood fuels and waste”, says Aarre Peltola, senior statistician at Luke.
A significant part of wood matter is tied up in concentrated liquors in forest industries
A total of 27% of the wood dry-matter consumed in Finland in 2019 were tied up in concentrated liquors (black liquor mostly) produced within the wood pulp industry. This proportion has remained relatively stable during the 2000s. Black liquor is used in energy generation at heat and power plants. In addition, solid wood fuels are consumed in energy production by heat and power plants, as well as small-scale housing. Their respective proportions were 22% and 8% of wood dry-matter consumed in Finland.
Foreign trade by forest industries can also be measured by dry wood matter
In 2019, a total of 15.2 million tons of forest industry products and 0.8 million tons of roundwood were exported from Finland, measured by wood dry-matter. In exports, 11.0 million tons of wood matter were tied up in pulp and paper industry products and 4.2 million tons in wood industry products.
Imports of wood dry-matter are lower than their exports, and their focus point is different. A total of 5.1 million tons of roundwood and wood residues and 1.2 million tons of forest industry products were imported into Finland, measured by wood dry-matter.