News Forestry, Statistic

According to the most recent information about forest resources, the volume of the growing stock on forest land and poorly productive forest land is 2,473 million cubic metres and annual increment is 107 million cubic metres. Mean growing stock increment per hectare is 4.7 cubic metres. The annual increment of growing stock on forest land is 4.4%.

There is 26.2 million hectares of forestry land in Finland, covering 86% of the total land area. Of forestry land, 77% comprises forest land and 9% comprises poorly productive forest land. Unproductive land in terms of wood production accounts for 12% of forestry land.

“A little more than half of forestry land is under private ownership. The state owns 35% and companies 7% of forestry land. Municipalities, parishes and associations own 6% of forestry land”, says Kari T. Korhonen, principal scientist at the Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke).

Growing stock volume increased

The volume of the growing stock on forest land and poorly productive forest land totals 2,473 million cubic metres. Of the growing stock, 90% is located on forest land available for wood production. The mean volume of growing stock on forest land is 118 cubic metres per hectare. The mean volume is 143 cubic metres per hectare in Southern Finland and 87 cubic metres per hectare in Northern Finland.

“The mean volume of growing stock is the highest in Kanta-Häme, i.e. 173 cubic metres per hectare, while it is the lowest in Lapland, where it is 75 cubic metres per hectare”, Korhonen says.

According to the most recent information, 64% of the volume of the growing stock on forest land and poorly productive forest land is under private ownership. The state owns the second highest portion of the growing stock (21%). Companies own 9%, while municipalities, parishes and associations own 6% of the growing stock volume.

“The annual increment of growing stock on forest land and poorly productive forest land totals 107 million cubic metres. Of this increment, 72% is located in Southern Finland and 28% in Northern Finland”, Korhonen continues.

Mean increment of growing stock is 4.7 cubic metres per hectare in the whole of Finland. The mean annual increment is 6.7 cubic metres per hectare in Southern Finland and 2.7 cubic metres per hectare in Northern Finland. The annual increment of growing stock on forest land is 4.4% in the whole of Finland.

Photo: Erkki Oksanen

Most old forests located in Northern Finland

Of forest land area more than one-fifth of all forests are 41–60 years of age. Most forests in Northern Finland are slightly older (61–80 years). Most young forests are located in the South Karelia region where one-fourth of all forests are under 20 years of age. The highest number of forests of over 100 years are located in Lapland (30%). Of all forests in Lapland, 20% are over 140 years of age. The Päijät-Häme region has the lowest number of forests of over 100 years (less than 5%).

Whole-country results are based on calculations made in 2014–2017 during the 12th National Forest Inventory. Regional statistics are also based on material compiled during the 11th National Forest Inventory in 2013. Regional increment figures of growing stock have not been updated in this publication.

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