According to recent statistics of the Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke), less bread wheat and more feed wheat entered the market from farms than during the previous year.
In 2017, the industry and grain distributors bought a total of 1,900 million kilos of wheat directly from farms. This figure is three per cent lower than during the previous year.
The Finnish industry used a total of 1,387 million kilos of domestic and imported cereals, being three per cent more than during the year before. Of this cereal volume, the food industry consumed nearly one third, like during the previous year, the feed industry used more than one third and other industries accounted for less than one third.
Wheat is used for bread and feed
– In 2017, wheat classified as bread wheat at the time of purchase that entered the market from farms totalled 224 million kilos and wheat classified as feed wheat totalled 315 million kilos. The volume of purchased bread wheat decreased from one quarter to the next, whereas that of purchased feed wheat increased during the last three quarters, says Sirpa Karppinen, senior statistician at Luke.
The industrial use wheat in the food industry remained nearly unchanged at 233 million kilos. A total of 196 million kilos of wheat were used to produce feed, being ten per cent lower than during the year before. Food and feed use also include imported wheat.
Rye remains the traditional Finnish bread cereal
In 2017, altogether 88 million kilos of rye entered the market, i.e. nearly one quarter more than during the previous year. The food industry used 90 million kilos of rye, as it did the year before. This figure also includes imported rye.
Barley has many uses
The industry and grain distributors bought 175 million kilos of malt barley and 522 million kilos of feed and other barley from farms. The volume of purchased malt barley was three per cent higher than during the previous year and that of feed barley nine per cent lower.
The feed industry is the largest user of barley, consuming 218 million kilos. This volume is nearly 10 per cent higher than during the year before. The food industry only used 11 million kilos of barley. Other use of barley, including malting, totalled 321 million kilos, being slightly higher than during the previous year.
Oats for people and animals
In 2017, altogether 577 million kilos of oats entered the market, i.e. nearly as much as in the previous year. The feed industry used 210 million kilos of oats. This figure includes any imported oats. The food industry used 92 million kilos of oats. This figure increased from the previous year by nine million kilos, slightly exceeding the use of rye in the food industry.
Barley stocks decreased
At the end of 2017, industrial and commercial stocks of cereals amounted to 533 million kilos of domestic and imported cereals. Oats had the highest stockpiles, totalling 181 million kilos. This volume was six million kilos higher than at the same time the year before.
Barley stockpiles totalled 137 million kilos. This volume was 31 million kilos, or 19 per cent, lower than during the previous year. Wheat stockpiles totalled 133 million kilos, i.e. five per cent lower than in 2016, and rye stockpiles were 82 million kilos, i.e. 19 per cent higher than in 2016.
More detailed information and tables related to the statistics are available from the stat.luke.fi/en service.
Background to the statistics
Information about cereal purchases is collected on a quarterly basis from all companies in Finland that buy cereals or rape and turnip rape directly from farms. Information about the use of domestic and imported cereals is collected on a quarterly basis from the food and feed industries and other industrial sectors that use cereals. Stockpile information is collected biannually from all companies that have cereals in stock at the end of June or December.