Of the total field area, more than one million hectares were cultivated by cereals in 2018. Feed barley covered more than one-third and oats nearly one-third of the total area. Rye made up less than two per cent of the total cultivated area. Buckwheat has gained ground, with its area being roughly 2,200 hectares last year, comprising 0.2 per cent of the total area.
“In recent years, the cultivated area of cereals has decreased slightly. Last summer, exceptionally small areas were sown to winter rye and wheat, as not all planned cereals were sown due to the rainy autumn of 2017”, says Anneli Partala, senior statistician at the Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke).
The proportion of feed grass from the total area has increased in recent years. One-third of the total area, i.e. 763,000 hectares, was covered by feed grass. This area mainly consisted of silage feed, showing an increase of approximately 20,000 hectares.
Cultivated area of caraway higher than that of oilseed turnip rape
In 2003, the caraway area was roughly 7,000 hectares. Ever since, its cultivation has expanded, breaking a new record last year at 27,700 hectares. This area is much higher than the cultivated area of potatoes, peas or broad beans, and slightly higher than that of oilseed turnip rape.
“Somero and Salo are the largest municipalities in terms of caraway cultivation. Last year, the caraway area increased by roughly 750 hectares on a total of 38 farms in Somero”, Partala says.
Background to the statistics
Luke’s statistical data about the agricultural area has been finalised regarding 2018. Data about crop-specific areas and the number of farms by municipality and Centre for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment (ELY) in 2013–2018 is now available from the stat.luke.fi statistical database. The database also includes statistics of annual cultivation areas in Finland since 1920. Preliminary cultivation area data for 2019 will be available in June.