Last year, the consumption averaged 174 kg of liquid dairy products per capita in Finland; approximately 79 kg of both meat and grains; 65 kg of fruit and 62 kg of vegetables. This information was gleaned from the preliminary Balance Sheet for Food Commodities of the Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke).
“Total grain consumption came down one kilogram on the previous year. The consumption of rye and rice grew by approximately 500 grams per capita, rising back to its earlier level after the drop in 2014. However, the consumption of wheat dropped by almost two kilos and the consumption of oats by 500 grams per capita. There was a slight increase in the consumption of barley and corn”, says development manager Tarja Kortesmaa of the Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke).
Meat consumption increased
Total consumption of meat grew by approximately three per cent on the previous year. The largest increase was seen in the consumption of poultry. Seven per cent more was eaten last year than the previous one. Consumption of beef grew by almost three per cent and the consumption of pork by almost two.
Milk consumption down, cheese consumption up
In all, liquid dairy products went down by almost three per cent on the previous year. Milk-drinking decreased by three per cent on the previous year in Finland, totalling 123 litres per person. It appears that the growth of whole milk consumption has reversed, as there was a drop of nearly seven per cent. The fall in the consumption of skimmed milk continued for the second consecutive year. Low-fat milk consumption was at almost the same level as in 2014. The decrease in the consumption of sour milk and viili(curdled milk) continued. The consumption of yoghurt remained unchanged. The growth in cheese consumption continued, being nearly 27 kilos per capita in 2015. More than half of the cheese consumed was imported.
Consumption of eggs grew
The rise in egg consumption continued. Over 11 kilos of eggs was consumed per person in 2015; a rise of approximately six per cent on 2014.
Fruit consumption on the rise
Consumption of fresh fruit rose by approximately 4 kilos on the previous year, to around 58 kilos. Around one-third of this amount was bananas, one-quarter citrus fruit and one-fifth apples. A total of 7 kilos of fruit preserves and dried fruit were consumed. The consumption of fresh vegetables stood at approximately 62 kilos per capita.
Luke’s Balance Sheet for Food Commodities is a summary of the production and consumption of Finland’s most important food and beverage products. The balance sheet calculates the domestic usage of more than 60 products on the basis of production, changes in stocks, exports and imports. Domestic use is subdivided into different types: animal feed, seed use, ingredients for the food industry, and direct consumption. When using this method, only approximate consumption figures can be given for certain products, such as vegetables. They represent the quantities available for consumption rather than actual consumption, as no figures are available for inventory losses and other waste. The latter are therefore included in consumption. In the Balance Sheet for Food Commodities, the meat consumption figures include bones, i.e. the figures are for carcass meat.