Last year, the consumption in Finland averaged 166 kg of liquid dairy products; approximately 81 kg of meat and 80 kg of grains; 67 kg of fruit and 64 kg of vegetables per capita. This information was gleaned from the preliminary Balance Sheet for Food Commodities of the Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke).
The total consumption of grains increased by one per cent on the previous year. Wheat consumption rose approximately half a kilo per capita from 2015 and totalled 44.7 kg; still lagging almost 1.5 kg behind the consumption in 2014. The consumption of oats, at 6.4 kilograms, also increased by half a kilo and resumed the level of 2014. The consumption of rice increased equally, and averaged a total of 5.8 kg per capita in 2016. The amount of rye consumed remained at approximately the same level as the year before, 15.5 kg.
Poultry and egg consumption increased
– The total consumption of meat, including game and edible offal, increased a couple of per cent on the previous year. The growth was generated mostly by poultry meat, the consumption of which grew by almost nine per cent from 2015. Beef, pork and lamb consumption remained approximately unchanged from 2015, explains Development Manager Tarja Kortesmaa from the Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke).
Egg consumption continued to grow. Almost 12 kilograms of eggs per capita were consumed last year, totalling a growth of approximately three per cent from the year before.
Downward trend in milk consumption continued
The consumption of milk dropped a total of four per cents, mostly accounted for by the nearly 10-per cent decrease in the consumption of skimmed milk. Consumption of low-fat milk and whole milk remained almost unchanged on the previous year. The overall milk consumption per capita averaged 118 litres. The consumption of sour milk dropped slightly and that of curdled milk (viili) stagnated on the previous year, whereas yoghurt consumption dropped by nearly five per cent. The consumption of cream increased by a little less than five per cent. A total of 166 kg of liquid milk products were consumed last year in comparison to 2015, i.e. there was a decrease of approximately four per cent.
Fruit and vegetables
The consumption of fresh fruit grew by approximately five per cent, reaching a little over 60 kg per year. A total of some 7 kg of fruit preserves and dried fruit were consumed. The consumption of fresh fruit is estimated to stand at a little under 64 kg per capita, but this includes the possible waste.
Background to the statistics
Luke’s Balance Sheet for Food Commodities is a summary of the production and consumption of Finland’s most important food and beverage products. The balance sheet calculates the domestic usage of more than 60 products on the basis of production, changes in stocks, exports and imports. Domestic usage is further divided into different usages: feedstuff, seeds, industry raw materials and food, of which the consumption figures are derived by dividing by the average population in the year.
When using this method, only approximate consumption figures can be given for certain products, such as vegetables. They represent the quantities available for consumption rather than actual consumption, as no figures are available for inventory losses and other waste. The latter are therefore included in consumption. In the Balance Sheet for Food Commodities, the meat consumption figures include bones, i.e. the figures are for carcass meat. The bone-in meat figures correspond to 80 per cent of boned meat. Furthermore, cooking wastage ranges from 10 to 30 per cent depending on the product. Meat eaten cooked equals approximately 50 per cent of bone-in meat.