In 2017, the agricultural area was 2,272,200 hectares in Finland. The largest agricultural area of nearly 300,000 hectares was in the Southwest Finland region, while the smallest agricultural area of less than 20,000 hectares was in the Åland. Of Finnish municipalities, the largest agricultural area of roughly 55,000 hectares was in Salo.
The proportion of the cultivation area of cereals from the utilized agricultural area remained high, roughly 47 per cent or 1,071,000 hectares. The cultivation area of cereals decreased by three per cent from 2016, i.e. the same amount as in the previous year.
– In practice, this decrease resulted from the cultivation area of barley being one-tenth smaller, whereas the cultivation areas of winter wheat, rye and oats increased. The average cultivation area on cereal farms was 30 hectares, says Anneli Partala, senior statistician at the Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke).
Feed grass made up nearly one-third of the total area, i.e. roughly 717,000 hectares. The feed grass area, or mainly the silage fodder area, increased by approximately 30,000 hectares. The average feed grass area on feed grass farms was 21 hectares.
Cultivation area of broad bean equals that of potato
The cultivation areas of certain special plants increased significantly.
– The broad bean area increased the most, i.e. 34 per cent. Currently, the broad bean area equals the cultivation area of potato, being 22,000 hectares, Partala says.
In addition, the oilseed rape area of 37,000 hectares increased substantially, i.e. 17 per cent. The cultivation area of oilseed rape was already much higher than that of turnip rape, which was 28,500 hectares. Furthermore, the cultivation area of caraway of 24,000 hectares has increased for the past four years.
Background to the statistics
Luke’s recent statistics of utilized agricultural area specify the cultivation area data for 2017. Data about plant-specific areas and the number of farms by municipality and Centre for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment in 2017 is now available from the stat.luke.fi statistics database. The statistics database also includes statistics of annual cultivation areas since 1920. Preliminary cultivation area data for 2018 will be available in June.