Last year, meat production amounted to 398 million kilograms, just over one per cent less than in 2016. The production of poultry meat continued to grow, while the production of beef and pork decreased. Milk production was also down on the previous year, whereas egg production grew.
The information is based on statistics of the Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke).
Milk production dipped slightly, but the production of organic milk increased
Milk production amounted to slightly less than 2,336 million litres last year, which was approximately one per cent less than in 2016. Milk production decreased by three per cent during the first half of the year and increased by one per cent during the second half. Milk production adjustment aid that was paid for farms that cut down production had a partial influence on the decrease in milk production.
The production of organic milk continued to grow. Organic milk production amounted to slightly over 62 million litres, which is 14 per cent more than in the previous year. Organic milk amounted to slightly less than three per cent of milk production.
The number of dairy farms decreased by seven per cent during the year meaning that approximately 500 farms stopped milk production. At the end of the year there were 6,810 dairy farms. The number of dairy cows decreased as well. In December, there were approximately 270,600 cows. The average annual milk yield increased to 8,500 litres.
Egg production slightly increased from the previous year
Egg production amounted to 73.5 million kilograms, one per cent more than in 2016. Production increased by four per cent during the first half of the year, and decreased by one per cent during the second half of the year. The amount of eggs produced in enriched cages decreased by three per cent. The amount of eggs produced in barn and free-range hen houses increased by eight per cent, and in the amount produced organic poultry farms increased by 16 per cent.
A total of 60 per cent of eggs were produced in enriched cages, 34 per cent in barn and free-range hen houses, and 6 per cent came from organic poultry farms. Ten years ago the corresponding figures were 79, 19, and 2 per cent.
Another record in poultry meat production
Another record was broken in poultry meat production due to the growth in broiler meat production. Turkey meat production also grew slightly from the previous year. Slightly less than 129 million kilograms of poultry meat was produced, showing an increase of three per cent from the previous year. Last year the growth rate of production slowed down slightly from the previous years.
Beef production decreased by one per cent to 86 million kilograms. The slaughter volume of cows and bulls decreased while the slaughter volumes of heifers rose. The average carcass weight increased from the previous year The average carcass weight was 351 kilograms for bulls, 247 for heifers, and 288 for cows.
Last year, less than 182 million kilograms of pork was produced, which was five per cent less than during the previous year. The slaughter volumes of pigs decreased to fewer than two million, and the average carcass weight of pork increased slightly to 90 kilograms. The production volume of pork has not been this low since the early 2000s.
The number of pig farms has decreased rapidly. Last year, there were approximately 1,100 pig farms, and during the year, the number of farms decreased by 10 per cent in comparison to the previous year.
Background to the statistics
Information on producer prices is based on questionnaires sent to dairies, slaughterhouses, and egg packaging plants. Information on animals slaughtered and milk used on farms is based on sample surveys conducted every few years.