According to preliminary information of Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke), agriculture and horticulture provided employment for approximately 116,000 people in Finland in 2016. Of these, roughly 46,500 were farmers or shareholders of a corporate group. Some 33,000 of all agricultural and horticultural labour force were family members of farmers. Farms had approximately 3,000 permanent employees, and nearly 32,000 short-term employees.
The number of people working in agriculture and horticulture has decreased by nearly one fourth from 2013, when previous statistics of agricultural and horticultural labour force were issued. The relatively largest decrease has taken place in the number of permanent employees. Furthermore, the number of family members working in agriculture and horticulture has decreased significantly.
The amount of work carried out at farms is also decreasing
– In 2016, around 60,000 person-years were recorded in agriculture and horticulture in 2016. The agricultural and horticultural workload has decreased by nearly one fifth from 2013, says Jaana Kyyrä, senior statistician at Luke.
Relatively speaking, the largest decrease has taken place in the amount of work performed by permanent employees. Instead, the workload of short-term employees has increased.
Most work is still carried out by farmers and their family members
Farmers, shareholders of corporate groups and their family members perform nearly 80 per cent of the agricultural and horticultural workload. Permanent employees account for six per cent and short-term employees for nearly nine per cent of all work.
The use of labour force was investigated in the Farm Structure Survey
In winter 2016–2017 in conjunction with the collection of data for the Farm Structure Survey, agricultural and horticultural companies were asked to describe their use of labour force. This information issued is preliminary. The final results will be published in 2018.