The autumn 2017 cereal harvest totalled 3.4 million tons. From last summer to this summer, 3.0 million tons of this amount were used in Finland. Exports mainly consisted of oats. Cereal stocks decreased slightly.
The majority of Finland’s cereal harvest, or approximately 2.0 million tons, was used to produce feed for domestic animals.
“A little over 400,000 tons passed through the food processing industry. The malt and other cereal industry used more than 300,000 tons”, says Anneli Partala, senior statistician at the Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke).
Some 250,000 tons were used for next year’s sowing. Exports totalled 500,000 tons.
Mainly oats were exported
In the 2017–2018 crop year, more than 330,000 tons of oats were exported. In addition, exports included more than 90,000 tons of wheat and over 80,000 tons of barley.
Unusually, no rye was imported, since the 2017 rye harvest was the highest during the 2000s and covered domestic demand.
An exceptional cereal year expected
The last time the cereal harvest was below the level of domestic consumption was in the 2010–2011 crop year. Then, Finnish stocks contained more than 2.0 million tons of cereals thanks to high production years 2007–2009. Cereal stocks also had room for exports.
“According to the most recent harvest estimate, the cereal harvest of autumn 2018 will be 2.7 million tons. This is not sufficient to cover regular domestic consumption, that is, roughly 3.0 million tons”, Partala says.
On average, current cereal stocks in industry and trade are at the level of 450,000 tons. Stock levels on farms are not believed to be very high, as this was the fourth autumn in succession when the cereal harvest decreased.
Background to the statistics
Luke’s Statistical Services monitors the production, use, consumption and stocks of domestic cereals on the basis of available statistical data. The cereal balance sheet and statistics of the use of harvests on farms are prepared every crop year. The most recent statistics are estimates prepared for the crop year from 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018. The statistics are available on stat.luke.fi/en. The Finnish Cereal Committee also monitors the status of each crop year on a quarterly basis at its website.