Great changes in horticultural production continued in 2014. Although the number of enterprises decreased, the total horticultural cultivation area saw year-on-year growth. In particular, outdoor and greenhouse production of vegetables surged, amounting to 186 million kilos and 83 million kilos, respectively.
The growth in vegetable production is notable in the statistics for 2014.
− Vegetables grown in Finland are not exported in significant quantities, so the higher output competes with imports. Finns may also have increased their vegetable consumption, but there is no up-to-date information about this, actuary Anna-Kaisa Jaakkonen from Natural Resources Institute Finland says.
A record harvest of carrots and onions
Although peas were the most significant outdoor vegetable in terms of cultivation area, carrots were the most important in terms of their harvest amount. Last year saw a record-breaking harvest of 74 million kilos of carrots. The onion harvest also increased to 26 million kilos. The total harvest of outdoor vegetables amounted to 186 million kilos.
Potted vegetables broke the 100 million pot milestone
Potted vegetable production has the longest unbroken growth curve in the horticultural production statistics. In 2014, 85 million pots of lettuce were produced. Total production rose to 108 million pots.
− A large share of pot-grown lettuce is sold without the pot, that is, cut and bagged. Potted lettuce cultivation is highly intensive – a greenhouse area of only 27 hectares was required to produce that amount, Jaakkonen says.
A substantial year-on-year increase was seen in the production of tomatoes and greenhouse cucumbers. Total production of greenhouse vegetables rose by 4.5 million kilos to 83 million kilos. Although the number of greenhouse entrepreneurs was only 565, the greenhouse area grew slightly. Great structural changes are also occurring in greenhouse production.
Summer and bulb flowers are the survivors in ornamental plant cultivation
Cultivation of ornamental plants has waned steadily. The clearest change was the contraction in cut flower cultivation. Last year, the cultivation area of cut flowers was only slightly over four hectares, as compared to 39 hectares of greenhouse area ten years earlier. The decline in cut flowers has been partly compensated by bulb flowers, of which 64 million were grown last year. The most important bulb flower is the tulip, at 59 million bulbs.
The cultivation of flowering potted plants (10.5 million pots) and summer flowers (39 million pots) remained almost unchanged.
− However, a slight decrease in summer flower cultivation can be seen. The record year for summer flower cultivation was 2002, when 46 million pots were grown, Jaakkonen says.
Background to the statistics
Information for horticultural statistics is collected once a year through an online service and phone interviews from all enterprises that grow horticultural products for sale. The survey, conducted in October-December 2014, included a total of 3,946 enterprises.
Final information on the horticultural statistics will be published on 28 April 2015. The regional statistical tables and information on the energy consumption of horticultural enterprises in 2014 will also be released on that date.
Tables and graphs on these statistics are available on the Horticultural Statistics home page.
You can subscribe to emailed Horticultural Statistics at http://www.maataloustilastot.fi/en/order-releases.