Greenhouses offer protected conditions for the seasonal and year-round production of several crops. An array of vegetables and decorative plants are produced in greenhouses in Finland.
Greenhouses make it possible to produce plants that would not otherwise survive in Finland.
The most important greenhouse vegetables produced are tomatoes, cucumbers, sweet peppers, a range of lettuce varieties and various herbs. In addition, a number of decorative plants are grown in greenhouses. These include bulb flowers, cut flowers, flowering potted plants and plants for group planting.
The growth conditions of a greenhouse offer maximum shelter for such species. The plants grown are less vulnerable to the yield variation caused by disease, pests and weather conditions than in outdoor cultivation. In addition to irrigation and fertilisation, lighting, temperature and humidity in the greenhouse are adjusted to the needs of each plant. As a result, a large volume of high-quality produce for the customers is obtained.
The specific challenges of Luke’s research topics on greenhouse production include energy efficient and environmentally sustainable production methods and techniques. In addition to quantity the yields must also be of high in quality. Indoor urban farming is being developed as well. Entrepreneurs and suppliers of production equipment benefit from the results of Luke’s greenhouse research. Horticulture advice providers, the retail sector and consumers also need the latest information.
Luke develops economically viable and environmentally sustainable solutions for production and new business models. These include energy-efficient solutions for lighting in year-round production. Growing media are also being developed from recycled materials and renewable resources. Another new business model is plant production in shopping centers.
Photo on top of the page: Kauppapuutarhaliitto