In terms of its value, Baltic herring is the most important catch species in commercial fishery. In inland waters, the most important catch species is vendace, both in terms of volume and value.
Baltic herring’s share of the total catch from marine waters is 90 per cent and 70 per cent of the total value. Other important catches include European whitefish, sprat, pikeperch, perch and salmon. Nearly a third of the catch is caught in the Bothnian Sea and less than a fifth in the Finnish Archipelago Sea.
Most of the Baltic herring catch and almost all of the sprat catch is used as fodder. The fishing of Baltic herring and sprat is highly concentrated; a small number of fishing vessels bring in most of the catch.
Vendace is the most important catch in inland waters
In terms of value, vendace is the second important catch species in commercial fishery. The next most important inland water species in terms of value are pikeperch, perch and European whitefish.
Domestic inland fish account for only a small share of fish trade. Most of the commercial fishery catch is caught in maritime waters.
Challenges to and opportunities for the fishing industry vary from area to area in Finland, depending on fish populations and marketing opportunities. As the countryside and nature become objects of private consumption and protective measures, as well as a source of emotionally gratifying experiences, the traditional fishing trade has had to adapt to new requirements. In this new situation, the trade’s role in production of healthy local food and removal of nutrients from waterways has received more attention.
Luke produces annual statistics on commercial fishery. Fishing statistics are used when monitoring the status of fish resources and the development of fishing. This information is also needed when evaluating issues such as the social impact of fishery, the financial status of fishing businesses or the effects of environmental changes on fishery. Fishing statistics are used as a basis for determining e.g. the annual salmon, Baltic herring, sprat and cod quotas in the Baltic Sea.
Data produced by Luke on commercial fisheries is used by decision makers, representatives of the industry, researchers and citizens.
Figure at the top of the page: Pro Kala ry