Of the almost four billion kilogrammes of grain (2015) produced in Finland every year, two-thirds are used for animal feed. The rest is exported or used for food production in the home country.
In 2015, field production comprised e.g.
- barley, 1,570 million kg
- oats, 980 million kg
- wheat 995 million kg
- rye 108 million kg
- peas 25 million kg
- broad bean 31 million kg
Special crops are usually cultivated as alternative field crops instead of cereals, with the aim of promoting economic, environmental or social sustainability. Special crops include both old crops (buckwheat, camelina, broad bean, potato) and newer alternatives (cruciferous oilseeds, caraway, quinoa).
LUKE develops sustainable crop production
Its VAI Luke’s Crop science involves developing diverse and sustainable production systems and methods which take account of the biological, technological, economic and ecological aspects of crop production, alongside the needs of farmers, the industry and society. Another major research topic is climate change and the adaptation and mitigation measures, like land use changes, related to it.
In official variety trials, LUKE is responsible for VCU (value for cultivation and use) tests of field crop varieties, conducted in order to assess crop productivity, disease resistance, reliability and quality in Finnish cultivation conditions.