Our annual beef production is 80 million kg. More than 80 per cent of Finnish beef is produced as a by- product from dairy production as cull cows, dairy origin bulls and heifers not need to replace culled cows. The role of beef breed animals is to produce the remaining portion of the total beef production.
Our northern geographical location causes a relatively short growth period which is more favorable for production of forages than cereal crops. Efficient grass cultivation, successful conservation of harvested crops and balanced feeding of dairy and beef cattle are factors needed to maintain production at satisfactory level to fulfill the need of consumers and processing industry.
Development covers the entire production chain
Beef production is studied in a comprehensive manner, including as well feed production as animal feeding and not excluding potential environmental effects caused by beef production.
Profitability is the first prerequisite of continuity of beef production under continuously changing operating environment. Tests of potential and commonly used feed plants are continuously carried out in order to evaluate alternative production, conservation and storage techniques.
On-going climate change emphasis importance of plant breeding and variety tests have a considerable role among annually accomplished field trials. Feeding trials of growing bulls and heifers are carried out to evaluate potential differences between named rations in the feed utilization, daily growth rate and carcass conformation and fat cover rate of slaughtered animals. Animal welfare state is verified by video recording and utilizing appropriate sensor techniques. Obtained results are utilized in construction of beef production model developed for Finnish beef farm conditions.