Ruoka

The need for policy to address the food system lock-in: A case study of the Finnish context

The aim of the paper is to identify, through an evolutionary analysis, the processes of increasing returns that have become path-inefficient and have reinforced the lock-in in the food system. These findings indicate that more attention should be paid at the public policies that are currently too narrow in their scope and do not effectively bridge the entire system, from food production to consumption. Public intervention is critical for the unlocking, but individuals in the various parts of the food system are those who create new paths.

Ruoka

Detection of Listeria innocua on roll-to-roll produced SERS substrates with gold nanoparticles

The rapid and accurate detection of food pathogens plays a critical role in the early prevention of foodborne epidemics. Current bacteria identification practices, including colony counting, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and immunological methods, are time consuming and labour intensive; they are not ideal for achieving the required immediate diagnosis. We demonstrate the feasibility of analyte specific sensing using mass-produced, polymer-based low-cost SERS substrate in analysing the chosen model microbe with biological recognition.

Agriculture, Garden, Ruoka

High variability in flavonoid contents and composition between different North-European currant (Ribes spp.) varieties

This study provides information on the variation of anthocyanin and flavonol contents and composition in 32 black and 12 redcurrant varieties, as well as flavonol contents and composition in two green-fruited blackcurrant (green currant) and one white currant varieties conserved in a national ex situ germplasm field collection in Finland, North Europe.

Agriculture, Ruoka

High genotypic diversity found among population of Phytophthora infestans collected in Estonia

Potato late blight, caused by the oomycete pathogen Phytophthora infestans, is one of the most important diseases of potato worldwide. This is the first study characterising Estonian P. infestans population using the SSR marker genotyping method.Results revealed highly diverse P. infestans population in Estonia resembling the Northern European populations.

Ruoka

Nutrient footprint as a tool to evaluate the nutrient balance of a food chain

The nutrient footprint methodology seems to have potential in assessing the nutrient balances of food chains as well as other bio-based production chains. It offers information about the nutrient usage and utilization efficiency in a simple and comparable form. This information can not only be used in improving the production chains but also in communicating the importance of the sustainable use of nutrients to decision makers.

Economy, Environment, Forestry, Ruoka

Evaluation of bilberry and cowberry yield models by comparing model predictions with field measurements from North Karelia, Finland

Models estimated for non-wood forest products (NWFPs) are used to support the multi-objective use of forest and related decision making in various ways. In Finland, bilberries (Vaccinium myrtillus) and cowberries (Vaccinium vitis-idaea) are among the most important NWFPs, and yield models for them have been estimated and linked into forest simulators.

Agriculture, Ruoka

Perceptions of food and its locality among Russian tourists in the South Savo region of Finland

The results show that Russian tourists especially value the freshness and healthiness associated with local food. Nevertheless, the motivators to use local food products appear to be different when it comes to food products in Finland or in Russia. In addition, local food products are poorly recognised, and tourists are not familiar with local South Savo food. Consequently, the study reveals potential factors that could increase the Russian tourists' usage of local food products or food services while visiting the region and potentially other tourist destinations.