Agriculture, Climate, Economy, Environment, Fish, Food, Forestry

Synthesis on bioeconomy monitoring systems in the EU Member States – indicators for monitoring the progress of bioeconomy

This report presents an overview of existing bioeconomy strategies, policies or related initiatives and indicators to monitor and assess these at EU MS level, and the importance of existing bioeconomy sectors at national level. Furthermore, it presents the existing or needed most suitable bioeconomy key indicators and related indicators, and their respective data availability, for assessing and monitoring the progress of a bioeconomy at national level. The identified most suitable bioeconomy indicators important and feasible at the national context, can contribute to the further discussions when setting the frame for the development of a common EU bioeconomy monitoring system.

Climate, Forestry

Functional diversity underlies demographic responses to environmental variation in European forests

Biodiversity loss and climate-driven ecosystem modification are leading to substantial changes in forest structure and function. However, the effects of diversity on demographic responses to the environment are poorly understood. We sought to determine whether functional diversity underlies demographic responses to environmental variation in European forests.

Forestry

Microbial communities after wood ash fertilization in a boreal drained peatland forest

Wood ash contains all the essential plant nutrients except nitrogen, and thus supports tree growth especially on peatlands where mineral nutrients often are in short supply. Results indicated that higher pH and extra nutrients due to wood ash fertilization promoted the appearance of mycorrhizal and wood-decomposing fungi directly or via increased tree growth.

Forestry

Differences in endophyte communities of introduced trees depend on the phylogenetic relatedness of the receiving forest

Plant species sometimes perform extraordinarily well when introduced to new environments, through achieving higher growth rates, individual biomasses or higher densities in their receiving communities compared to their native range communities. One hypothesis proposed to explain enhanced performance in species’ new environments is that their soil microbial communities may be different and provide greater benefit than microbial communities encountered in species’ native environments.

Forestry

Does clear-cut harvesting accelerate initial wood decomposition? A five-year study with standard wood material

Boreal forests are often intensively managed, so information is needed on the effects of timber harvesting on wood decomposition, and the factors controlling the decomposition process. Wood decomposition in this boreal forest is more sensitive to increased soil temperatures and N availability after clear-cut harvesting than found in earlier studies.