Agriculture, Climate, Economy, Environment, Fish, Food, Forestry

Synthesis on bioeconomy monitoring systems in the EU Member States – indicators for monitoring the progress of bioeconomy

This report presents an overview of existing bioeconomy strategies, policies or related initiatives and indicators to monitor and assess these at EU MS level, and the importance of existing bioeconomy sectors at national level. Furthermore, it presents the existing or needed most suitable bioeconomy key indicators and related indicators, and their respective data availability, for assessing and monitoring the progress of a bioeconomy at national level. The identified most suitable bioeconomy indicators important and feasible at the national context, can contribute to the further discussions when setting the frame for the development of a common EU bioeconomy monitoring system.

Agriculture, Environment

Whole-genome sequencing of native sheep provides insights into rapid adaptations to extreme environments

Global climate change has a significant effect on extreme environments and a profound influence on species survival. However, little is known of the genome-wide pattern of livestock adaptations to extreme environments over a short time frame following domestication. Sheep (Ovis aries) have become well adapted to a diverse range of agroecological zones, including certain extreme environments, during their post-domestication migration and differentiation.

Agriculture, Environment

Manure nutrient content in the Baltic Sea countries

All Baltic Sea countries have their own methods for determining manure data, i.e. manure nutrient content and also its other characteristics and quantity. As this data is a prerequisite for all manure use and manure-related regulation and it affects the emission reduction targets set, it is important to understand the differences between manure data provision between the countries. Moreover, to share the burden of emission reduction in manure use as equally as possible between the Baltic Sea countries, a more harmonised system might be called for. In order to develop such a system, the state-of-the-art in the countries now (August 2016) is required as the stepping stone towards jointly agreed methodologies and tools for determining manure quality and quantity.

Environment, Forestry

Microbes as engines of ecosystem function: When does community structure enhance predictions of ecosystem processes?

Microbes as engines of ecosystem function: When does community structure enhance predictions of ecosystem processes? Microorganisms are vital in mediating the earth’s biogeochemical cycles; yet, despite our rapidly increasing ability to explore complex environmental microbial communities, the relationship between microbial community structure and ecosystem processes remains poorly understood.

Environment, Forestry

Continuous fungal treatment of non-sterile veterinary hospital effluent: pharmaceuticals removal and microbial community assessment

Source point treatment of effluents with a high load of pharmaceutical active compounds (PhACs), such as hospital wastewater, is a matter of discussion among the scientific community. Fungal treatments have been reported to be successful in degrading this type of pollutants and, therefore, the white-rot fungus Trametes versicolor was applied for the removal of PhACs from veterinary hospital wastewater.

Agriculture, Environment

Benefits of reduced eutrophication: evidence from Finland, the Baltic Sea area and Europe for policy making

Eutrophication is a major problem in both marine and freshwater areas in Europe, changing the structure and functioning of the ecosystem and reducing its ability to produce human well-being, for example, in the form of recreation opportunities. Information on the monetary benefits of reduced eutrophication is needed to design economically efficient environmental policies.

Environment, Forestry

Increase in volatile organic compound emisssions of Scots pine in response to elevated ozone and warming are modified by herbivore and soil nitrogen availability

Climate change in the boreal forests include, e.g., warming, increased tropospheric ozone concentration, higher nitrogen (N) deposition and increased risk of insect outbreaks. Climate change influences emissions of biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) affecting plant defense, communication and atmospheric feedbacks.

Climate, Environment, Forestry

Early snowmelt enhances the carbon sequestration of hummock-forming Sphagnum mosses on boreal wetlands

Sphagnum mosses are globally important owing to their considerable peat‐forming ability and their potential impact on global climatic cycles acting as a long‐term net carbon sink. However, changes in climatic conditions due to global warming may affect the relations between Sphagnum mosses and vascular plants but also the competition among Sphagnum, and thus alter the accumulation of carbon on boreal wetlands.