Agriculture, Climate, Economy, Environment, Fish, Food, Forestry

Synthesis on bioeconomy monitoring systems in the EU Member States – indicators for monitoring the progress of bioeconomy

This report presents an overview of existing bioeconomy strategies, policies or related initiatives and indicators to monitor and assess these at EU MS level, and the importance of existing bioeconomy sectors at national level. Furthermore, it presents the existing or needed most suitable bioeconomy key indicators and related indicators, and their respective data availability, for assessing and monitoring the progress of a bioeconomy at national level. The identified most suitable bioeconomy indicators important and feasible at the national context, can contribute to the further discussions when setting the frame for the development of a common EU bioeconomy monitoring system.

Agriculture

Genetic diversity and genomic signatures of selection among cattle breeds from Siberia, eastern and northern Europe

Domestication in the near eastern region had a major impact on the gene pool of humpless taurine cattle (Bos taurus). As a result of subsequent natural and artificial selection, hundreds of different breeds have evolved, displaying a broad range of phenotypic traits.Valinta karttaa luotu tämä tutkimus osoittaa, että natiivi nautaroduista ja niiden geneettisten varojen edustaa ainutlaatuista materiaalia tulevia jalostukseen.

Agriculture, Environment

Whole-genome sequencing of native sheep provides insights into rapid adaptations to extreme environments

Global climate change has a significant effect on extreme environments and a profound influence on species survival. However, little is known of the genome-wide pattern of livestock adaptations to extreme environments over a short time frame following domestication. Sheep (Ovis aries) have become well adapted to a diverse range of agroecological zones, including certain extreme environments, during their post-domestication migration and differentiation.

Agriculture, Environment

Manure nutrient content in the Baltic Sea countries

All Baltic Sea countries have their own methods for determining manure data, i.e. manure nutrient content and also its other characteristics and quantity. As this data is a prerequisite for all manure use and manure-related regulation and it affects the emission reduction targets set, it is important to understand the differences between manure data provision between the countries. Moreover, to share the burden of emission reduction in manure use as equally as possible between the Baltic Sea countries, a more harmonised system might be called for. In order to develop such a system, the state-of-the-art in the countries now (August 2016) is required as the stepping stone towards jointly agreed methodologies and tools for determining manure quality and quantity.