Blog Posts Francoise Martz Climate, General

I attended the conference Plant and Microbe Adaptation to Cold (PMAC 16) in Seattle (22–25 May 2016) where I presented our work on winter climate change and its effect on plant, soil and their interaction in the boreal forest. Most of the presentations discussed issues in freezing or winter-related stress such as increasing snow mold damages.

We had two interesting plenary lectures, one from Dr Philipp Mote, director of the Oregon Climate Change Research Institute and largely involved in IPCC and other national and international organizations working on climate change and one from Dr Gerald Pollack, professor of bioengineering at the University of Washington. Climate change is a topic anyone was familiar with but only few of us had previously heard about the “social behavior” of water… The plenary lecture from Dr Pollack was fascinating and I think that all of us in the audience shared the same feeling. So I won’t discuss here the presentations related to trees, crops or climate change but the “social behavior” of water, or EZ (read “easy”) water.

Climate change is a topic anyone was familiar with but only few of us had previously heard about the “social behavior” of water…

The research of Dr Gerald Pollack focuses on water and his interests have ranged broadly, from biological motion and cell biology to the interactions of biological surfaces with aqueous solutions. He discussed the Fourth phase of water: beyond liquid, solid and vapor. I hope that in few lines I can give you a touch of this fascinating presentation. The idea that water molecules arranged along positively charged surface was not new, but the original idea was that this layer of organized water molecules would be few molecules thick only. Dr Pollack presented evidences that this organized water layer is actually made of millions of molecule layers and is reaching up to 0.2mm along positively charged membrane. Cell membranes are an example of positively charged membranes.

This EZ water is physically different than bulk water due to charge displacement – the EZ water is negatively charged.

Using pH dyes among others, they showed that any molecule other than water molecules are excluded from that zone, which was consequently named Exclusion Zone water, or EZ water. This EZ water is physically different than bulk water due to charge displacement – the EZ water is negatively charged. Its structure is derived from ice structure where some hydrogens have been displaced, and it is similar to a gel (hence the “fourth phase” of water). Related to the theme of the conference, he explained that freezing begins with formation of EZ water. Building EZ water is a necessary status between water and ice, during both freezing and melting.

Their second amazing discovery was that photonic energy is building EZ water. More precisely, electromagnetic energy is building EZ water, whether in the form of visible light, ultraviolet (UV) wavelengths and infrared wavelengths, which we are surrounded by all the time. Infrared is the most powerful. This was discovered by putting an empty tube, like a straw, made of positively charged membrane in a water tank and observing the movement of water with or without light (isn’t it simple?). This experiment was made by a “disobedient student”, according to Dr Pollack. The water flow inside the tube is going faster in presence of light. So the model is that water transduces light energy into mechanical energy and Dr Pollack came up with an equation similar to another famous one: E = H2O, meaning when you have water, you have energy.

How can this EZ water theory be applied and explain biological processes and our daily life? Dr Pollack detailed several applications of the EZ water model. You may read a list of questions for which the EZ water theory would bring explanation by reading the preview of his book at:

I will only mention one that would have a special interest for Finns.

I will only mention one that would have a special interest for Finns.

Blood flow in capillaries: An experiment showed that blood flow continued under the skin of dead mice up to one hour post-mortem. After long thinking, they figured out that the device used for measuring blood flow is emitting light. This light could bring the energy necessary to build EZ water which in turn would induce blood flow inside capillaries. To support this hypothesis, Dr Pollack argued that the pressure deployed by the heart is far to be enough to sustain the total blood flow in a human being and thus EZ water model would support blood flow in capillaries. The required energy would come from light:  with a lamp inside our hand in the dark, we have all observed its red color, showing that light penetrates relatively deep inside our body. Coming back to Finland, this phenomenon could also explain the famous well-being after having a sauna: the accumulated energy (infrared energy from heat, or just in infrared sauna) would stimulate blood flow in capillaries and bring this relaxing feeling.

Other applications were related to sap flow in xylem, the floating water droplets, the water bridge (see his book preview).

Although listening Dr Pollack’s presentation and watching his numerous videos (you have to trust what you see!) was fascinating, it is calling for many questions related to thermodynamic. I’m probably not the only one but my brain quickly stops functioning when I hear this word, so I definitely won’t start any discussion on that. However, there was no thermodynamic in his presentation: was it only to spare ourselves in the audience?

Criticism of the EZ water theory can easily be found (ex: and I would be curious to have opinions of experts in that field. How much the EZ water theory can be applied to practical questions, such as health benefit after exposure to light or heat? Is EZ water as widely involved in natural processes as Dr Pollack suggests?


  1. I warmly suggest some studies from Gilbert Ling, a biochemist in cell physiology.
    Also worth to read dr Thomas Cowan: human heart, the cosmic heart. Explaining why heart is not a pump, rather a vortex apparatus. Blood flows because of structured water in plasma

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